Skip to main content

Low, Mary Fairchild (1858–1946)

Low, Mary Fairchild (1858–1946)

American painter. Name variations: Mary Louise Fairchild MacMonnies. Born Mary Louise Fairchild in New Haven, Connecticut, in 1858; died in 1946; descendant of Governor William Bradford of the Mayflower; attended St. Louis Art Academy; studied at France's Académie Julian and with Carolus-Duran; married Frederick MacMonnies (a sculptor), in 1888 (divorced); married Will Hicok Low (a mural painter and illustrator), in 1909; children: (first marriage) two daughters.

Mary Fairchild Low was born in 1858 in New Haven, Connecticut, and studied at the St. Louis Art Academy, where she won a three-year scholarship. She then studied in Paris under Carolus-Duran. While there, she met and married sculptor Frederick MacMonnies. Both successful artists, they lived in an elegant apartment on the Rue de Sèvres, summered in their 14th-century monastery at Giverny, and frequently entertained. Their next door neighbors were Claude Monet and Isadora Duncan . The 1893 Chicago Exposition was a joint showcase for the Mac-Monnies where their work was well received. Frederick's large sculpture Barge of State was the central fountain, while Mary Low's mural Primitive Woman was displayed opposite Mary Cassatt 's Modern Woman. Their marriage ended, however, when Frederick turned his attention to one of his art students.

Mary Low's works include groups of nudes or modern figures painted in the open air and sunlight, with delicate charm, as well as landscapes and portraits. Under the name Mary Louise Fairchild MacMonnies, she was awarded several gold medals in European exhibitions; in 1902, she won the Julia Shaw prize of the Society of American Artists. After her second marriage to Will Low, Mary moved to Bronxville, New York, and dispensed with the name MacMonnies, deleting all references to her former husband.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Low, Mary Fairchild (1858–1946)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 21 Sep. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Low, Mary Fairchild (1858–1946)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 21, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/women/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/low-mary-fairchild-1858-1946

"Low, Mary Fairchild (1858–1946)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Retrieved September 21, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/women/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/low-mary-fairchild-1858-1946

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.