Skip to main content

Longford, Elizabeth (1906—)

Longford, Elizabeth (1906—)

English historian. Name variations: Countess of Longford, formerly Lady Pakenham; Elizabeth Harman Pakenham. Born in London, England, on August 30, 1906; daughter of Nathaniel Bishop (an ophthalmologist) and Katherine (Chamberlain) Harman; received her degree in Literae Humaniores at Oxford; married Francis Aungier Pakenham, 7th earl of Longford (a writer and politician), in 1931; children: Thomas Pakenham; Patrick Pakenham; Judith Kazantzis ; Rachel Billington ; Michael Pakenham; Catherine Pakenham (died 1969); Kevin Pakenham; Antonia Fraser (b. 1932, a writer).

A woman of numerous interests and achievements, Elizabeth Longford was twice a Labour candidate for Parliament, is a Trustee of the National Portrait Gallery and a Member of the Royal Society of Literature. She is also the author of the bestselling books, Queen Victoria: Born to Succeed; Wellington: The Years of the Sword and Victoria, R.I. Her 1986 autobiography is entitled The Pebbled Shore: The Memoirs of Elizabeth Longford.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Longford, Elizabeth (1906—)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . 21 Jan. 2019 <>.

"Longford, Elizabeth (1906—)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . (January 21, 2019).

"Longford, Elizabeth (1906—)." Women in World History: A Biographical Encyclopedia. . Retrieved January 21, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.