Skip to main content

Marie Thé Rèse Charlotte (1778–1851)

Marie Thé Rèse Charlotte (1778–1851)

Duchess of Angoulême. Name variations: Marie Therese Charlotte; Marie-Thérèse-Charlotte; Madame Royale; Filia Dolorosa, the Modern Antigone; Comtesse de Marnes. Born at Versailles, France, Dec 19, 1778; died of pneumonia on Oct 19, 1851, in Austria; dau. of Louis XVI (1754–1793), king of France(r. 1774–1792), and Marie Antoinette (1755–1793); educated at French court; m. Louis Antoine de Bourbon (1775–1844), duke of Angoulême, in 1799.

Eldest daughter of Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette, who survived her parents and lived most of her life in exile; was imprisoned with family in the Temple (1792); mother and father guillotined (1793), but only learned of mother's death 18 months after the event; released from prison (1795); kept a journal detailing her experiences; married duke of Angoulême (1799); lived in exile with uncle Louis XVIII in various European countries (1799–1814); returned with Louis when he was restored to French throne (1814); lived a quiet life in Paris (1814–29), with her own court at the Tuileries; with the revolution in Paris and abdication of Charles X and duke of Angoulême (1830), spent remaining years in exile once more.

See also Elizabeth Powers, The Journal of Madame Royale (Walker, 1976); Joseph Turquan, Madame Royale: The Last Dauphine (Unwin, 1910); Alice Curtis Desmond, Marie Antoinette's Daughter (Dodd, 1967); and Women in World History.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Marie Thé Rèse Charlotte (1778–1851)." Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages. . Encyclopedia.com. 18 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Marie Thé Rèse Charlotte (1778–1851)." Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 18, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/marie-rese-charlotte-1778-1851

"Marie Thé Rèse Charlotte (1778–1851)." Dictionary of Women Worldwide: 25,000 Women Through the Ages. . Retrieved November 18, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/women/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/marie-rese-charlotte-1778-1851

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.