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Fructidor (frŭk´tĬdôr, Fr. früktēdôr´), 12th month of the French Revolutionary calendar. The coup of 18 Fructidor (Sept. 4, 1797), in which General Augereau was a key figure, annulled the previous elections and removed Lazare Carnot and François de Barthélemy from the Directory. The coup was directed against those who wished to restore a constitutional monarchy.

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Fructidor the twelfth month of the French Republican calendar (1793–1805), originally running from 18 August to 16 September. Also, the purge of conservative deputies that took place on the eighteenth day of this month (4 September) in 1797. The name comes from Latin fructus ‘fruit’ + Greek dōron ‘gift’.