The 1900s Education: Chronology
The 1900s Education: Chronology
1900: March School baths are planned for students in some schools by the New York City School Board of Education.
1900: May 12 The College Entrance Examination Board is created.
1900: July 11 There is "art in everything," asserts progressive educator Francis Parker in a speech pleading for the centrality of art in education before the National Education Association.
1900: September 15 Lack of space forces the Atlanta, Georgia, school system to turn away four hundred students.
1901: January Bryn Mawr University President M. Carey Thomas supports the equality of college education for both men and women in an article in Educational Review.
1901: June The College Board's entrance examination is given to high school students for the first time.
1901: June 12 Students of Bunsen School in Belleville, Illinois, strike in an effort to shorten their school day.
1901: November 4 The reform-minded Southern Education Board meets for the first time.
1901: December Steel tycoon Andrew Carnegie endows a science research center, the Carnegie Institution of Washington, with a gift of $10 million.
1902: July Emory University Professor Andrew Stedd attacks lynching and supports racial moderation in an Atlantic Monthly article, which prompts school officials to ask for his resignation.
1902: November 8 The National Education Association, the first teachers' union, is formed by the merger of The Chicago Teachers' Federation and the American Federation of Labor.
1903: January 12 Industrialist John D. Rockefeller funnels his educational philanthropy through the newly chartered General Education Board.
1903: April 18 Booker T. Washington's racial-accommodation approach to social and educational matters is publicly denounced by W.E.B. Du Bois with the publication of his book The Souls of Black Folk.
1903: October 19 Judge William Gary of Augusta, Georgia, publicly declares that education makes black workers "unfit for the walks of life open to [them]," drawing national attention.
1904: July 1 In a speech at the annual meeting of the National Education Association, labor leader Margaret Haley urges teachers to organize.
1904: August 22 University of California President Benjamin Wheeler discourages women students from using a college education to do more than prepare them for marriage and motherhood.
1904: October In Florida, Mary McLeod Bethune founds the Daytona Literary and Industrial Institute for the Training of Negro Girls.
1905: February 27 Seventy percent of male high school teachers and 53 percent of female high school teachers are college graduates, according to a report by Edwin Dexter to the National Society for the Scientific Study of Education.
1905: April 16 Steel tycoon Andrew Carnegie endows the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching with $10 million.
1905: July One hundred percent of district superintendents and 94 percent of all high school principals are men, according to a National Education Association study of public school educators in cities.
1906: April Vocational skills are highlighted as important to teach to students in the state's public schools by the Massachusetts Commission on Industrial and Technological Education.
1906: June John Hope becomes the first African-American president of Morehouse College (then named Atlanta Baptist College), a historically black college.
1907: March 12 Alain Locke becomes the first African American to receive a Rhodes Scholarship. No other African American scholar will be so honored for half a century.
1907: October 16 In Hattiesburg, Mississippi, school officials ask the city council to create a separate school for the children of immigrants.
1908: February 29 The Anna T. Jeanes Foundation is created with the goal of improving schools for black students in the rural South.
1908: November 9 The U.S. Supreme Court upholds a Kentucky law prohibiting racial integration in private schools in Berea College v. Kentucky.
1908: December Seventy-two percent of New York City schoolchildren are either immigrants or the children of immigrants, according to a study by the U. S. Immigration Commission.
1909: February 22 The annual meeting of the National Society for the Scientific Study of Education focuses on the subject of sex education.
1909: July 29 In Chicago, Ella Flagg Young becomes the first female superintendent of an urban school system.
1909: September A part-time school for employed children and youth is created by the Cincinnati public school system as the nation's first continuation school.
1909: November 18 New York City public schools ban football.