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tracking, streaming A widespread practice in American elementary and secondary school systems, tracking attempts to homogenize classrooms by placing students according to a range of criteria which may include pupils' performances on standardized aptitude tests, classroom performance, perceived personal qualities and aspirations, and social class and ethnic origin. Different tracks typically offer different curricula, types of student–teacher relationship, and educational resources. The higher college tracks have been found to be more intellectually demanding, with better resources, and more favourable teacher expectations of pupils. Studies have highlighted the implications of tracking in terms of its negative psychological consequences for those placed in the lower tracks, reinforcement of ethnic and social class segregation, and perpetuation of inequality in society. The practice, issues, and debates have their British equivalent in the system of so-called streaming.

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tracking

track·ing / ˈtraking/ • n. 1. the action of tracking someone or something. ∎  Electr. the maintenance of a constant difference in frequency between two or more connected circuits or components. ∎  the alignment of the wheels of a vehicle. ∎  the formation of a conducting path for an electric current over the surface of an insulating material. ∎  a control in a videocassette recorder that electronically adjusts the manner in which the head receives signals from the videotape, providing a clearer playback. 2. the practice of putting schoolchildren in groups of the same age and ability to be taught together: Japan allows virtually no tracking or ability grouping before high school.

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tracking

trackingbacking, blacking, packing, sacking, tracking, whacking •ranking, spanking •nerve-racking •marking, sarking •making, taking, undertaking •matchmaking • dressmaking •haymaking •lacemaking, pacemaking •peacemaking • filmmaking •printmaking • cabinetmaking •moneymaking • merrymaking •winemaking • home-making •shoemaking • toolmaking •bookmaking • troublemaking •backbreaking • heartbreaking •strikebreaking • housebreaking •breathtaking • painstaking •piss-taking • stocktaking •self-seeking, unspeaking •licking, ticking •freethinking, shrinking, sinking, unblinking, unthinking, unwinking •Mafeking • finicking • politicking •liking, Viking •self-cocking, self-mocking, shocking, stocking •stonking • bluestocking • Hawking •sleepwalking • streetwalking •hillwalking • firewalking •soaking, Woking •pawnbroking • thought-provoking •booking, Brooking •onlooking •spelunking, trunking •motherfucking • bloodsucking •bollocking •hardworking, working •erl-king • tear-jerking • metalworking •outworking

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