Flint, Leslie (ca. 1911-1994)
Flint, Leslie (ca. 1911-1994)
Noted British medium who specialized in independent direct voice communications (i.e., voice phenomena purported to be from dead individuals that originate a little above the medium's head and to one side, without the use of his or her vocal cords). In some 35 years of mediumship, Leslie Flint was tested by a number of psychical researchers using electrical devices, but nothing of a fraudulent nature was discovered. William R. Bennett, professor of electrical engineering at Columbia University, New York, tested Flint in 1970 and stated, "My experience with Mr. Flint is first hand; I have heard the independent voices. Furthermore, modern investigation techniques not available in earlier tests corroborate…. that the voices are not his."
Bennett also discounted the possibility of accomplices. In a few instances Flint conveyed messages from living individuals who were either in a coma or deep sleep at the time. Flint, a dedicated Spiritualist, places emphasis on providing evidence of survival after death.
During the 1940s Flint had several private sittings with film star Mae West when she visited London. He also visited her in Hollywood during his short American tour in 1949. He retired from public séance work in 1976. The next year he was named "Spiritualist of the Year" by readers of the British newspaper Psychic News.
Flint, Leslie. Voices in the Dark. New York: Bobbs-Merrill, 1971.
"Flint, Leslie (ca. 1911-1994)." Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 24, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/flint-leslie-ca-1911-1994
"Flint, Leslie (ca. 1911-1994)." Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology. . Retrieved April 24, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/flint-leslie-ca-1911-1994
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.