Skip to main content


Macrouridae (Macruridae; grenadier, whiptail; subclass Actinopterygii, order Gadiformes) A large family of marine mid-water fish that have very long dorsal and anal fins tapering down to the pointed tip of the tail, the tail fin being absent. The blunt head has large eyes and often shows a chin barbel. The small pelvic fins are usually located under or in front of the pectorals; all fins are spineless. Most grenadiers live near the sea-bottom at depths of 200–1200 m. There are about 250 species, distributed world-wide.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Macrouridae." A Dictionary of Zoology. . 25 Mar. 2019 <>.

"Macrouridae." A Dictionary of Zoology. . (March 25, 2019).

"Macrouridae." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Retrieved March 25, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.