Skip to main content

Lemuridae

Lemuridae (lemurs; suborder Strepsirrhini (or Prosimii), infra-order Lemuriformes) A family of primates which in some ways resemble the ancestors of modern monkeys, apes, and humans. The brain has small cerebral hemispheres and large olfactory regions, compared with other primates. The snout is long, the upper lip is cleft, and the rhinarium is moist. The eyes are directed more to the side than in other primates and there is little binocular vision. In most species the external ears are large. The upper incisors are small and the lower incisors and canines are directed forward. Lemurs have marked breeding seasons. All modern lemurs are arboreal, herbivorous, and social. Lemurs were distributed widely throughout the warmer regions during the Eocene. Today they survive only in Madagascar, possibly because the isolation of Madagascar during the Tertiary left it with no native carnivores. There are four genera: Lemur (ring-tailed lemurs); Varecia (ruffed lemur); Hapalemur (gentle lemur); and the recently recognized Eulemur (brown lemur), with about 10 species. Formerly Lepilemur (sportive lemur) was included in this family but nowadays it is placed in the Megaladapidae.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Lemuridae." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Encyclopedia.com. 15 Oct. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Lemuridae." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 15, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/lemuridae

"Lemuridae." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Retrieved October 15, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/lemuridae

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.