Skip to main content


Ichthyophiidae (ichthyophids; class Amphibia, order Apoda) A family of amphibians in which the adults are terrestrial and have functional eyes and a small tail. Eggs are laid on land. The gilled, aquatic, larval stage is of variable duration before metamorphosis. Adults burrow but feed on the surface at night, eating earthworms, arthropods, and small vertebrates. There are 43 species, occurring in the New World tropics, southern Asia, and Ausralia.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Ichthyophiidae." A Dictionary of Zoology. . 24 Mar. 2019 <>.

"Ichthyophiidae." A Dictionary of Zoology. . (March 24, 2019).

"Ichthyophiidae." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Retrieved March 24, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.