betacyanin Any of a group of red pigments found mainly in plants of the order Chenopodiales, which includes the goosefoot, cactus, and portulaca families. They are nitrogen-containing glycosylated compounds responsible for the red colour of beetroot, for example, and are chemically distinct from the anthocyanins, which include many red and pink plant pigments. A group of yellow pigments, called betaxanthins, are chemically similar to betacyanins and are restricted to the same families. Both betacyanins and betaxanthins are classed as betalains.
More From encyclopedia.com
Red Panda , Ailurus fulgens Red ★★★ 1991 , red a colour at the end of the spectrum next to orange and opposite violet, as the colour of blood, fire, or rubies. As a liturgical colour, red is u… New Red Sandstone , New Red Sandstone Name given to the terrestrial red-bed deposits that overlie the Carboniferous. These deposits are of Permo-Triassic age. Red Algae , red algae Taxonomic group (phylum) of reddish algae, the Rhodophyta. They are numerous in tropical and subtropical seas. Most are slender, branching… Red Tide , A red tides is a phenomenon in which water is colored red, brown, or yellowish because of the temporary abundance of a particular species of phytopla… Cinnabar , cinnabar The commonest mercury mineral, HgS; sp. gr. 8.0–8.2; hardness 2.0–2.5; trigonal; scarlet-red to brownish-red; vermilion streak; adamantine l…
About this article
Updated About encyclopedia.com content Print Article
You Might Also Like