banyans Species of fig tree (Ficus) that have spreading crowns and descending prop roots. They commence life as epiphytes; then descending anastomosing (see ANASTOMOSIS) roots strangle the trunk of the host tree. The Buddha attained enlightenment beneath a banyan (F. religiosa). The famous banyan in Calcutta Botanic Garden, F. bengalensis, dates from 1782 and is more than 300 m in circumference.
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strangling fig , strangling fig A fig tree that germinates high in a host tree and sends roots to the ground which eventually anastomose and, as they grow, envelop an… Buttress Root , buttress root A stilt root, most commonly found in large, tropical trees, that emerges adventitiously from the trunk and is flattened, so it resemble… Prop Root , prop root Any of the modified roots that arise from the stem of certain plants and provide extra support. Such stems are usually tall and slender and… Ipoh , Ipoh •capo • Gestapo •Aleppo, depot •downtempo, tempo, uptempo •Expo •cheapo, Ipoh, peep-bo, repo •hippo •hypo, typo •oppo, topo, troppo •compo • Lim… Dendrochronology , Dendrochronology Trees and other woody plants grow by covering themselves with a new layer of tissue every year. When seen in a horizontal section, s… Roots , Roots Plants have three organs: roots, stems, and leaves. Growth, flowering, food production, and storage all depend on the activities of these three…
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