truck

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truck1 / trək/ • n. 1. a wheeled vehicle, in particular: ∎  a large, heavy motor vehicle, used for transporting goods, materials, or troops. ∎  a low flat-topped cart used for moving heavy items.2. a undercarriage with four to six wheels pivoted beneath the end of a railroad car. ∎  each of two axle units on a skateboard, to which the wheels are attached.3. a wooden disk at the top of a ship's mast or flagstaff, with sheaves for signal halyards.• v. [tr.] convey by truck: the food was trucked to St. Petersburg | [as n.] (trucking) industries such as trucking. ∎  [intr.] drive a truck. ∎  [intr.] inf. go or proceed, esp. in a casual or leisurely way: he walked confidently behind them and trucked on through!DERIVATIVES: truck·age / -kij/ n.truck2 • n. 1. archaic barter. ∎  chiefly hist. the payment of workers in kind or with vouchers rather than money.2. chiefly archaic small wares. ∎ inf. odds and ends.3. market-garden produce, esp. vegetables: [as adj.] a truck garden. • v. [tr.] archaic barter or exchange.PHRASES: have (or want) no truck with avoid or wish to avoid dealings or being associated with: we have no truck with that style of gutter journalism.

truck

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truck, the payment of wages in food and kind, was an old form of exploitation by employers in outwork industries and spread with industrialization. In a minority of cases the practice was benign, since basic supplies were not otherwise available. Commonly, employers' shops supplied adulterated food and drink at high prices (‘tommy rot’); there was unrest in communities so badly served. Codifying Acts prohibiting truck were passed in 1831 (which was generally evaded) and 1887; a royal commission in 1870 found the practice still existed in some areas. Truck died a natural death as retailing spread and workers became better organized.

John Butt

truck

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truck1 give in exchange XIII; barter away XVII; pay otherwise than in money XIX. ME. trukie, later trukke — AN. *truquer, OF. *troquer (reflected in medL. trocāre), of unkn. orig.
Hence sb. (cf. AN. truke XIV) barter XVI; dealings, traffic XVII; payment in kind, goods supplied instead of wages XVIII.

truck

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truck2 small solid wooden wheel or block XVII; wheeled vehicle for heavy weights XVIII. poss. shortening of next.