ICR Abbrev. for intelligent character recognition. A system of OCR (optical character recognition) in which the meaning is assigned after reference to things other than merely the printed shape. Basic OCR systems rely on matching the scanned shape with a set of templates held within a store or on processing the image to extract features, such as lines and loops, and then searching for a match. Both approaches need good-quality printing to achieve usable recognition rates. This term is now little used since advances in OCR have enhanced its capability to interpret many fonts of varying print quality.
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