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bump

bump / bəmp/ • n. 1. a light blow or a jolting collision: a nasty bump on the head. ∎  the dull sound of such a blow or collision. ∎  Aeron. a rising air current causing an irregularity in an aircraft's motion. 2. a protuberance on a level surface: bumps in the road. ∎  a swelling on the skin, esp. one caused by illness or injury. • v. 1. [intr.] knock or run into someone or something, typically with a jolt: I almost bumped into him. ∎  (bump into) meet by chance: we might just bump into each other. ∎  [tr.] hurt or damage (something) by striking or knocking it against something else: she bumped her head on the sink. ∎  [tr.] cause to collide with something: she went through the door, bumping the bag against it. 2. [intr.] move or travel with much jolting and jarring: the car bumped along the rutted track. ∎  [tr.] push (something) jerkily in a specified direction: she had to bump the wheelchair down the steps. 3. [tr.] refuse (a passenger) a reserved place on an airline flight, typically because of deliberate overbooking. ∎  cause to move from a job or position, typically in favor of someone else; displace: she was bumped for a youthful model. PHRASAL VERBS: bump someone off inf. murder someone. bump someone up inf. move someone to a higher level or status; promote: he was a writer for nine years before he was bumped up to editor. bump something up inf. 1. make larger, greater, or more numerous; increase: they finally agreed to bump up her salary. 2. make, complete, or release earlier than planned or expected: the date of publication was bumped up to coincide with the grand jury investigation.

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bump

bump imit. of a heavy dull blow; its result, swelling, protuberance. XVI. The sb. and vb. appear about the same time; perh. of Scand. orig.; cf. MDa. bumpe strike with fist.
Hence bump vb. †swell, bulge XVI; strike heavily XVII. bumper full glass of drink XVII; anything unusually large XIX; f. †bumping (XVI) prp. adj. huge, ‘thumping’.

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bump

bumpamp, camp, champ, clamp, cramp, damp, encamp, gamp, lamp, ramp, samp, scamp, stamp, tamp, tramp, vamp •firedamp • headlamp • wheel clamp •sidelamp • spotlamp • blowlamp •sunlamp •hemp, kemp, temp •blimp, chimp, crimp, gimp, imp, limp, pimp, primp, scrimp, shrimp, simp, skimp, wimp •chomp, clomp, comp, pomp, romp, stomp, swamp, tromp, whomp, yomp •bump, chump, clump, crump, dump, flump, frump, gazump, grump, hump, jump, lump, outjump, plump, pump, rump, scrump, slump, stump, sump, thump, trump, tump, ump, whump •ski-jump • showjump • handpump •mugwump

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