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Traube, Ludwig


Paleographer and medieval Latin philologist; b. Berlin, June 19, 1861; d. Munich, May 19, 1907. His father was a professor of medicine. At an early age Traube showed a distinct gift for textual emendation. Apart from one semester at Greifswald in 1881, he spent his entire university life as student and teacher in Munich, where he earned his doctorate in 1883 and habilitated in 1888 with his Karolingische Dichtungen. A new chair in medieval Latin philology was founded for him in 1902. An indefatigable scholar, he published, among many other works: the Poetae Latini Aevi Carolini (3 v., 188696) in Monumenta Germaniae Historica, of whose editorial board he became an important member; Textgeschichte der Regula S. Benedicti (1898), a model of textual criticism; and Perrona Scottorum (1900), a work opening new vistas in Latin paleography. His final work, Nomina Sacra (1907), written after he was stricken by leukemia, is a monumental contribution to the history of Latin abbreviations. His influence in Latin paleography is second only to Jean mabillon's, and his followers are found in every land. He was as rare a man as he was a scholar.

Bibliography: l. traube, Vorlesungen und Abhandlungen von Ludwig Traube, ed. f. boll, 3 v. (Munich 190920) with a biographical introduction.

[e. a. lowe]

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