Sayer, Robert Gregory (Seare)
SAYER, ROBERT GREGORY (SEARE)
Benedictine moral theologian; b. Redgrave (Suffolk), 1560; d. Venice, October 30, 1602. Other variant forms of his family name occur; he is sometimes called Sayr or Saire, or in Latin Sarius or Sayrus, and in Italian Sario or Sairo. Robert was his baptismal name, Gregory his name in religion. He studied at Caius College, Cambridge, but was denied his degree because of his papist tendencies. Leaving Cambridge in 1582 he went to the English College of Douai, then located at Reims, and later the same year went on to the English College in Rome. He was ordained in 1585 and became a Benedictine at Monte Cassino in 1588. He taught moral theology at Monte Cassino until 1595, when he was sent to the Monastery of St. George in Venice where he remained until his death. In spite of the relatively short span of his teaching career he produced a number of important theological works that enjoyed a considerable success and earned him a place among the leading moralists of his time. Among them were: De sacramentis in communi (Venice 1599), Thesaurus casuum conscientiae (Venice 1601); Clavis regia sacerdotum casuum conscientiae sive theologiae moralis thesauri, etc. (Venice 1605). He was a probabilist, though he cannot be classified as such without some qualification. His works show the influence of Bartolomé de medina and Martin aspilcueta. It would be inaccurate to infer from the titles of some of his works that he was chiefly a casuist, for he used casuistry simply as a means of clarifying and expounding moral principles.
Bibliography: j. mercier Dictionnaire de théologie catholique, ed. a. vacant, 15 v. (Paris 1903–50; Tables générales 1951–) 14.1:1241–42. j. gillow, A Literary and Biographical History or Bibliographical Dictionary of the English Catholics from 1534 to the Present Time, 5 v. (London-New York 1885–1902; repr. New York 1961) 5:481–482. e. j. mahoney, The Theological Position of Gregory Sayrus, O.S.B. (doctoral diss. Fribourg 1922); "Gregory Sayers, O.S.B.: A Forgotten English Moral Theologian," American Catholic Historical Review 5 (1925) 29–37.
[p. k. meagher]
"Sayer, Robert Gregory (Seare)." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 14, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/sayer-robert-gregory-seare
"Sayer, Robert Gregory (Seare)." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved December 14, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/sayer-robert-gregory-seare
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.