ṢADE (Ẓadi; Heb. יaצ, ץ; צָי, צָ), the eighteenth letter of the Hebrew alphabet; its numerical value is 90. It is assumed that the earliest form of the ṣade was a pictograph of a blossom . In the late second and early first millennia b.c.e., the ṣade became . In the Hebrew script, from the eighth century b.c.e. onward, the downstroke was shortened and a hook was added on the letter's right side , which has been preserved in the Samaritan . The Phoenician and Aramaic scripts lengthened the downstroke and thus in the fifth century b.c.e. Aramaic script three forms developed: , , . While from the first form, through the Nabatean , the Arabic ṣad evolved, the Jewish script adopted the third form, which was the ancestor of the medial and final ṣade. See *Alphabet, Hebrew.
"Ṣade." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 22, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/sade
"Ṣade." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved January 22, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/sade
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.