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Rabbah

RABBAH

RABBAH (Mar-Rava ), gaon of Pumbedita from 651, contemporary of *Huna, gaon of Sura. Rabbah and Huna were jointly responsible for one of the earliest and most important of post-talmudic takkanot, the takkanah of the Moredet ("the obstreperous wife"). According to the Talmud, a Jewish wife could demand a divorce only in certain exceptional cases specified in talmudic law (as for instance when her husband was stricken with a repulsive disease). The new takkanah extended the reasons and made it possible for some women to obtain dissolution of their marriages by the local courts obliging the husband to issue a divorce, without her forfeiting the amount of her ketubbah or suffering any loss of property which she had brought into the marriage. Moreover, the period of waiting was reduced from the usual 12 months to as short as one to four weeks.

bibliography:

Baron, Social2, 6 (1958), 132f.; Ḥ. Tykocinski, Takkanot ha-Ge'onim (1960), 11–29.

[Meir Havazelet]

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