Skip to main content

Pseaume, Nicolas


French prelate active at the Council of Trent and in the Counter Reformation; b. Chaumont-sur-Aire (Meuse), Dec. 11, 1518; d. Verdun, Aug. 10, 1575. Though his family was not wealthy, Pseaume (Psaume, Psalmaeus) was sent to school first at the Norbertine Abbey of St. Paul in Verdun, then to Paris, Orleans, and Poitiers. In 1538 he returned to Verdun where he joined the Norbertines, subsequently replacing his uncle as abbot of St. Paul's (1540). A year later he was awarded a doctorate in theology from the University of Paris. In 1548 Pseaume was made bishop of Verdun. When sent to Trent in 1551 as a representative of the Norbertine Order, Pseaume spoke out strongly against the prevailing system of benefices held in commendam and advocated residence for bishops. While at the Council, he kept a diary of the proceeding, which was later published in Paris and Verdun. Returning to Verdun (1552), Pseaume attended to the administration of his diocese. He rebuilt St. Paul's Abbey, which had been destroyed by war, and reorganized the hospital and reformed the municipal institutions of the city. To further the cause of Catholic education in his diocese, he helped establish a Jesuit college in Verdun. Called back to Trent in 1563, Pseaume took part in the final sessions and subsequently edited the acts of the Council. He lies buried in the cathedral of Verdun.

Pseaume's publications include a number of religious treatises defending Catholicism against the reform movement: Le Vrai et naïf portrait de l'église catholique; Advertissement à l'homme chrétien pour cognoistre et fuir les hérétiques de ce temps; Préservatif contre le changement de religion.

Bibliography: j. j. i. von dÖllinger, Ungedruckte Berichte und Tagebücher zur Geschichte des Concils von Trient, 1 v. in 2 (Nördlingen 1876). c. n. gabriel, Étude sur Nicolas Psaulme, évêque et comte de Verdun (Verdun 1867). c. l. hugo, Sacrae antiquitatis monumenta , 2 v. (Étival-Saint-Dié 172531) 1:921. n. roussel, Histoire ecclésiastique et civil de Verdun, 2v. (Bar-le-Duc 186364). a. erens Dictionnaire de théologie catholique, ed. a. vacant et al. (Paris 190350) 3.1:108693. a.k. huber, Lexikon für Theologie und Kirche, ed. j. hofer and k. rahner (Freiburg 195765) 8:863864.

[c. holmes]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Pseaume, Nicolas." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . 21 Feb. 2019 <>.

"Pseaume, Nicolas." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . (February 21, 2019).

"Pseaume, Nicolas." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved February 21, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.