Pforta, Abbey of
PFORTA, ABBEY OF
(Schulpforta, Porta ), Cistercian abbey in Thuringia, Germany, Diocese of Naumburg; founded 1132; secularized 1540. In 1127 Count Bruno of Pleissengau founded, near Schmölln, a convent for nuns. They were replaced in 1132 by Benedictine monks, who were followed by Cistercians invited from Walkenried, Brunswick, by Bishop Udo of Naumburg. In 1137 the Cistercians moved to Pforta, a more favorable location. Within a century Pforta founded three other abbeys: leubus (1163), Altzelle (1170), and Dünamünde (1208). Through model farms and advanced agricultural methods, Pforta contributed to the economic growth of medieval Thuringia. Under the pressure of the Protestant Duke Henry of Saxony, the abbey was secularized in 1540 and made a secondary school. As such, "Schulpforta" achieved a reputation for scholarly excellence; it is still a school. The early church, in transitional style, was built (1137–50) after French models, but has been preserved as remodeled in 13th-century Gothic.
Bibliography: w. hirschfeld, Zisterzienserkloster Pforte (Burg, Ger. 1934). r. bÄumer, Lexikon für Theologie und Kirche, ed. j. hofer and k. rahner, 10 v. (2d, new ed. Freiburg 1957–65) suppl., Das Zweite Vatikanische Konzil: Dokumente und Kommentare, ed. h. s. brechter et al., pt. 1 (1966) 8:430.
[l. j. lekai]
"Pforta, Abbey of." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 10, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/pforta-abbey
"Pforta, Abbey of." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved December 10, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/pforta-abbey
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.