Skip to main content

Peter of Vienna

PETER OF VIENNA

Theologian; b. France; d. in 1183. He studied under Gilbert of Poitiers (d. 1154), and before 1155 went to Austria, where he became known as Master Peter of Vienna. To defend Gilbert, his teacher, he soon turned against Gerhoch of Reichersberg (d. 1169) who had been attacking the "novel" doctrines of the French schools since 1141. He accused Gerhoch mainly of not distinguishing clearly between Christ's divine person and his human nature. Peter and his friend hugh of honau wrote to Hugh Etherian, asking him to provide them with translations of passages in which Greek Fathers teach a distinction between nature and person in God. In 1179, Hugh's answer was brought to the West. Little is known about Peter's official task or position in Austria. As Master Peter he signed a charter issued in 1158 by Bishop Conrad of Passau. In a later document (1161) he is called a member of "the Order of Chaplains" (de ordine cappelanorum ). He taught in Vienna and may have written a compendium of theology (MS Zwettl 109).

Bibliography: peter of vienna, letter addressed to Otto of Freising (d. 1158), ed. h. weisweiler, Scholastik, 13 (1938) 231246; letter addressed to Hugh Etherian, ed. a. dondaine, Archives d'histoire doctrinale et littéraire du moyen-âge 27 (1952) 131132. h. fichtenau, Mitteilungen des Instituts für österreichische Geschichtsforschung 63 (1955) 283297.

[n. haring]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Peter of Vienna." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 21 Aug. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Peter of Vienna." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 21, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/peter-vienna

"Peter of Vienna." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved August 21, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/peter-vienna

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.