Orgad (Bueshel) ben Zion
ORGAD (Bueshel) BEN ZION
ORGAD (Bueshel), BEN ZION (1926–2006), Israeli composer. Born in Germany, Orgad was brought to Ereẓ Israel in 1933. He studied composition with Paul *Ben-Haim and Josef *Tal, and graduated from the Jerusalem Academy of Music in 1947. In 1952 he won the unesco*Koussevitzky Prize, which enabled him to study in the United States with *Copland and Irving Fine. He obtained a degree (M.F.A.) from Brandeis University (1961).
Orgad was supervisor (1956–74) and chief supervisor (1975–88) of music at the Israel Ministry of Education and Culture. Deeply involved in Hebrew literature, he published a book of poetry. In 1997 he won the Israel Prize.
Among Israeli composers Orgad has been the most consistent in his commitment to the ideology of creating a modern Israeli musical style ingrained in ancient Jewish culture. He regarded the Hebrew language as "a bridge to tradition and its origins" (Fleisher, p. 131). His compositions derive their inspiration from two principal sources: The first is the melos of biblical Hebrew as expressed in the *Masoretic accents (Ta'amei ha-Mikra), as, for example, in his cantata Ve-Zot ha-Berakhah ("And This Is the Blessing"). The second principle is the irregular rhythmic values emanating from the meters of medieval Sephardi Jewish poetry, such as the piano composition Rashuyot.
Among his other works are Ha-Ẓevi Yisrael, symphony for baritone and orchestra (1949; revised 1958); Out of the Dust, for mezzo-soprano and four instruments (1956); Monologuefor Viola (1957), a string trio (1961); Mizmorim for soloists and chamber orchestra (1966–68); Hityaḥadut (Individuations no. 1), for clarinet and chamber orchestra (1981); Hityaḥadut no. 2, for violin, cello, and chamber orchestra (1990); Continuous Presence, for chamber orchestra (2002). He wrote "Ha-Potenẓi'al ha-Musikali shel ha-Safah ha-Ivrit" ("The Musical Potential of the Hebrew Language"), in: Proceedings of the World Congress on Jewish Music, Jerusalem, 1978, ed. Judith Cohen (Tel Aviv, 1982), 21–47.
ng2; S. Weich, "Musical Works of Ben-Zion Orgad," doctoral thesis (1971); A. Tischler, A Descriptive Bibliography of Art Music by Israeli Composers (1989), 178–81; R. Fleisher, Twenty Israeli Composers (1997), 128–35.
[Uri (Erich) Toeplitz and
Yohanan Boehm /
Jehoash Hirshberg (2nd ed.)]
"Orgad (Bueshel) ben Zion." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 23, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/orgad-bueshel-ben-zion
"Orgad (Bueshel) ben Zion." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved April 23, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/orgad-bueshel-ben-zion
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.