Skip to main content

Keely, Patrick Charles


19th-century American church architect (variously Kiely, Keily); b. Ireland, either Kilkenny, Aug. 9, 1816, or Thurles, Aug. 9, 1820; d. Brooklyn, N.Y., Aug. 11, 1896. Presumably trained under his architect-father, he migrated to the U.S. in 1841. Between 1847 and 1892 he designed 16 Catholic cathedrals and an estimated 500 to 700 other churches. The cathedrals of Rochester, N.Y., Chicago, Ill., Boston, Mass., Providence, R.I., and Erie, Pa., and St. Francis Xavier Church in New York City are among his best-known works. In general his structures are "preaching churches"broad for their length, with large, unobstructed interiors and often stark and naïve but monumental exteriors. Their style is neoor "Victorian" Gothic, a decadent adaptation of medieval architecture that became widespread in both Europe and America in the 19th century. In 1884 Keely received the second Laetare medal conferred by the University of Notre Dame, Ind.

Bibliography: h. f. and e. r. withey, Biographical Dictionary of American Architects (Los Angeles 1956). f. w. kervick, Architects in America of Catholic Tradition (Rutland, Vt. 1962). h.l. wilson, The Cathedrals of Patrick Charles Keely (Master's diss. unpub. Catholic University of America 1952), valuable critique. w.a. daly, Patrick Charles Keely: Architect and Builder (Master's diss. unpub. Catholic University of America 1934), uncritical but useful for chronology.

[p. goettelman]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Keely, Patrick Charles." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . 26 Mar. 2019 <>.

"Keely, Patrick Charles." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . (March 26, 2019).

"Keely, Patrick Charles." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved March 26, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.