Fourth-century ascetic; b. Tabatha, southern Palestine, c. 291; d. Cyprus, c. 371. He was born of pagan parents,
studied with success under a grammarian at Alexandria, and became a Christian. The fame of St. anthony of egypt drew him into the wilderness, where he observed the way of life of that monastic founder. On his return to Palestine he inaugurated the eremitical life in the desert, some seven miles from Maiuma, near Gaza, on the road to Egypt. He progressed in self-conquest and the practice of virtue, and as time went on performed marvels. Through him many embraced the faith and many monasteries sprang up in Palestine, but little is known of their organization. Eventually his followers became so numerous that he sought solitude farther away and traveled to Egypt, Libya, Sicily, Dalmatia, and Cyprus, where he died. He has been especially venerated in Cyprus, Palestine, Venice, Pisa, and France. Much of the available knowledge of Hilarion comes from St. jerome, who wrote the vita (c. 391) on a basis of historical fact but embellished with rhetorical and legendary features. Jerome cites a letter of epiphanius that mentions Hilarion, and sozomen gives a short account of his life and names some of his companions (Histoire Ecclesiastique 3.14;5.10.15; 6.32).
Feast: Oct. 21.
Bibliography: Acta Sanctorum (Paris 1863–) Oct. 9:16–59. Synaxarium ecclesiae Constantinopolitanae. Propylaeum ad Acta sanctorum novembris, ed. h. delehaye (Brussels 1902) 153–154, Bibliotheca hagiographica latina antiquae ct mediae aetatis, 2 v. (Brussels 1898–1901; suppl. 1911) 1:579–580. Bibliotheca hagiographica Graeca, ed. f. halkin, 3 v. (Brussels 1957) l:751z–756n. Patrologia Latina, ed. j. p. migne, 217 v. (Paris 1878–90) 23:30–54, vita; tr. m. l. ewald in Early Christian Biographies (The Fathers of the Church: A New Translation, ed. r. j. deferrari et al. 15; 1952) 241–280. h. leclercq, Dictionnaire d'archéologie chrétienneet de liturgie, ed. f. cabrol, h. leclercq and h. i. marrou, 15 v. (Paris 1907–53) 2.2:3157–58. p.t. camelot, Catholicisme 5:736. a. butler, The Lives of the Saints, ed. h. thurston and d. attwater, 4 v. (New York 1956) 4:163–165. r. aigrain, L'Hagiographie (Paris 1953). l. rÉau, Iconographie de l'art chrétien, 6 v. (Paris 1955–59) 3.2:649–650.
"Hilarion, St.." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 14, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/hilarion-st
"Hilarion, St.." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved December 14, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/hilarion-st
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.