Gregory of Bergamo

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Theologian and bishop; b. Bergamo, Italy, late 11th century; d. June 9, 1146. A vallombrosan monk, he was created bishop of Bergamo in 1133. With his friend bernard of clairvaux he attended the Council of pisa in 1134, and was active in ecclesiastical reform, introducing the cistercian order into his diocese. He also played an important part in the Eucharistic controversies of the period. In opposition to the teachings of berengarius of tours, he wrote, between 1130 and 1140, his Tractatus de veritate corporis et sanguinis Christi, upholding the Real Presence of Christ in the Sacrament, which he regarded as symbolizing also the Mystical Body of Christ, the Church. Gregory is reported to have suffered a martyr's death.

Bibliography: Tractatus de veritate corporis et sanguinis Christi, ed. h. hurter in Sanctorum Patrum opuscula selecta, 48v. (Innsbruck 187485) 39:1123. j. de ghellinck, Dictionnaire de théologie catholique, ed. a. vacant et al., 15 v. (Paris 190350; Tables Générales 1951) 5.2:123637. f. holbÖck, Der eucharistische und der mystische Leib Christi (Rome 1941) 3335.

[m. m. mclaughlin]