Goudimel, Claude

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Renaissance composer and music editor; b. Besançon, France, c. 1514; d. Lyon, 1572. He studied at the University of Paris and was Du Chemin's music editor and partner until 1555. His residences include Metz, where he became a Huguenot (1557 c. 1565), Besançon, and Lyon, where he died in the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre. Among his works were five Masses, three Magnificats, about ten Latin motets, psalm-motets (155166), psalms, about 60 chansons, Horatian odes (lost), Muret's spiritual songs (lost), and bowdlerizations of Arcadelt chansons. Although he composed for the Catholic church, his Calvinist psalms in the Marot-Bèze translations (some homorhythmic, with the Genevan melodies in the tenor, and others, more florid, with the tunes in the superius cantus ) are his most famous works.

See Also: psalters, metrical; hymns and hymnals.

Bibliography: c. goudimel, Psaumes de David, ed. h. expert, 3 v. (Les Maîtres musiciens de la renaissance française 2, 4, 6; Paris 189597). f. lesure, "Claude Goudimel, étudiant, correcteur et éditeur Parisien," Musica Disciplona 2 (Rome 1948) 225230. e. m. lawry, The Psalm Motets of Claude Goudimel (Doctoral diss. microfilm; New York U. 1954). p. pidoux, "Notes sur quelques éditions des psaumes de Claude Goudimel," Revue de musicologie 42 (Paris 1958) 184192. p. a. gaillard, Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart, ed. f. blume (Kassel-Basel 1949) 5:584589. g. reese, Music in the Renaissance (rev. ed. New York 1959). m. egan-buffet, Les Chansons de Claude Goudimel: Analyses modales et stylistiques (Ottawa 1992). p.-a. gaillard, "Claude Goudimel" in The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, v. 7, ed. s. sadie (New York 1980) 578579. r. hÄusler, Satztechnik und Form in Claude Goudimelss lateinischen Vokalwerken (Bern 1968). d. m. randel, ed., The Harvard Biographical Dictionary of Music (Cambridge 1996) 325. n. slonimsky, ed. Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Musicians (New York 1992) 654.

[i. cazeaux]

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Goudimel, Claude

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