Skip to main content

Gilbert, Felix


GILBERT, FELIX (1905–1991), U.S. historian. Born in Baden, Germany, Gilbert immigrated to the U.S. in 1936. During World War ii he served as research analyst in the Office of Strategic Services and the U.S. Department of State (1943–46). In 1946 he joined the faculty of Bryn Mawr College, rising to the position of professor of history in 1948. From 1962 he was professor at the School of Historical Studies at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton.

Gilbert's principal scholarly interests were the Italian Renaissance and diplomatic history of the 18th and 20th centuries. Among his major works were Hitler Directs His War (1951), To the Farewell Address: Ideas of Early American Foreign Policy (1961), Niccolò Machiavelli e la vita culturale del suo tempo (1964), Machiavelli and Guicciardini: Politics and History in Sixteenth-century Florence (1965), The End of the European Era: 1890 to the Present (1970), The Pope, His Banker, and Venice (1980), and A European Past: Memoirs, 1905–1945 (1988). With G.A. Craig he edited The Diplomats, 1919–1939 (2 vols, 1953–63), and he was the general editor of the Norton History of Modern Europe (1971).

add. bibliography:

H. Lehmann, Felix Gilbert as Scholar and Teacher (1992).

[Oscar Isaiah Janowsky /

Ruth Beloff (2nd ed.)]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Gilbert, Felix." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . 20 Aug. 2018 <>.

"Gilbert, Felix." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . (August 20, 2018).

"Gilbert, Felix." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved August 20, 2018 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.