BRUNSWIG, ALFRED (1877–1927), German philosopher of the school of Theodor Lipps, later influenced by *Husserl. He was born at Plan, taught at Munich (1911–16) and then became professor of philosophy at Muenster. He tried to synthesize psychology and pure logic, and to analyze phenomena to bring together philosophy and experimental research. He was an advocate of critical realism as well as an interpreter of Kant and German idealism. His main works were Die Frage nach dem Grunde des sittlichen Sollens (1907), Das Vergleichen und die Relationserkenntnis (1910), Das Grundproblem Kants… (1914) as well as works on Hegel (1922) and Leibniz (1925).
[Richard H. Popkin]