Skip to main content

Bendemann, Eduard Julius Friedrich


BENDEMANN, EDUARD JULIUS FRIEDRICH (1811–1889), German painter. Born in Berlin as the youngest child of Anton Bendemann and Fanny, née von Halle, a burgeois Jewish family who later converted to Protestantism, Bendemann revealed his talent early in a portrait he painted of his grandmother before he was 20. After having studied under Johann Gottfried von Schadow, he followed the son of Johann Gottfried, Wilhelm von Schadow, to Duesseldorf in 1827 and enrolled in the Duesseldorf School of Painting, whose head was Wilhelm Schadow. In 1830 he accompanied Schadow to Italy, where for one year he devoted himself exclusively to the study of Raphael, Michelangelo and the Nazarenes. There he apparently formed his taste for painting monumental historical scenes in a classicist style. Bendemann produced his best-known paintings between 1831 and 1835, among them The Exiles of Babylon (1832), Two Girls at the Well (1833), Jeremiah at the Destruction of Jerusalem (1836) and Die Kuenste am Brunnen der Poesie (1837). In 1835 Bendemann married Schadow's sister Lida. He was appointed professor at the Academy of Fine Arts of Dresden in 1838 and executed a number of murals for the royal palace there. In the revolution of 1848 he was an active member of pro-revolutionary leagues. In 1859 he succeeded his former teacher and brother-in-law as director of the Academy in Duesseldorf, but resigned in 1867 due to ill health. He was commissioned to paint portraits of well-known figures, and a large number of his works are exhibited in Berlin museums. In addition, his illustrations in the neo-classical style appear in such literary works as the Nibelungenlied (published 1840 in Leipzig) and Lessing's Nathan the Wise. His son rudolf (1851–1884) was also a well-known painter. His elder son felix (1848–1915) was an admiral and chief of Naval Staff.


Roth, Art, 544; J. Schrattenholz, Eduard Bendemann (Ger., 1891). add. bibliography: W. Aschenborn, Eduard Bendemann (1811–1885). Das Direktorat an der Düsseldorfer Kunstakademie 1859–67 (1998); L. von Donop (ed.): Ausstellung der Werke von Eduard Bendemann in der Koeniglichen Nationalgalerie (1890); W. von Kalnein (ed.), Die Duesseldorfer Malerschule (1979); Die Handzeichnungen des 19. Jahrhunderts. Duesseldorfer Malerschule. Die erste Jahrhunderthaelfte Teil 1: Tafeln;. 1978. Teil 2: Textband. 1980. Bearb. v. Ute Ricke-Immel. (1980); B. Maaz, Johann Gottfried Schadow und die Kunst seiner Zeit (1995).

[Pnina Nave /

Sonja Beyer (2nd ed.)]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Bendemann, Eduard Julius Friedrich." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . 17 Jun. 2019 <>.

"Bendemann, Eduard Julius Friedrich." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . (June 17, 2019).

"Bendemann, Eduard Julius Friedrich." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved June 17, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.