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Mokṣa (Skt., from muc or mokṣ, ‘release’, ‘liberation’). The fourth and ultimate artha (‘goal’) of Hinduism, release from the round of death and rebirth (saṃsāra). This is attained when one has overcome ignorance (avidyā) and desires.

For Jains, mokṣa is emancipation from the impediment of karma, and this lies beyond enlightenment (which provides the means for rooting out the remaining traces of karma): see also KEVALA.