Ho shang (Chin. transliteration, possibly from Turk., Udin, language of Khotan, or the Kashgarian dialect, Hwa Shie, of the Skt., upadhyāya, ‘self-taught teacher’, or upasaka ‘the tutor of Rahula’: Ho, ‘Harmony or Peace’, + Shang, ‘in charge of or ascend’). Any religious figure; or a reverent form used for an abbot, fang-chang, or bhikṣu in charge of a saṅgha.
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