Deguchi Nao (1836–1918). Female shaman and founder of the new Japanese religion, Ōmoto-kyō. Through spirit writing, originally scratching these communications with a nail, she began to attract a large following. She met Ueda Kisaburo in 1898, and in 1900 recognized him as the promised saviour. He married Sumi, Nao's daughter, and became known as Deguchi Onisaburo. Deguchi Nao is venerated as Kaiso (spiritual founder) and Onisaburo as Kyōso (doctrinal founder).
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