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Bhāvaviveka (also ‘ Bhāvya’ and ‘ Bhāviveka’; c.500–70 CE). Major Indian philosopher of the Madhyamaka school of Buddhism.

A major mark of Bhāvaviveka's thought is the division of reality into ultimate truth (paramārthasatya) and conventional truth (samvṛtisatya), by which self-existence (svabhāva) is asserted as a conventional truth but not as an ultimate one.

Bhāvaviveka's principal works are the Prajñāpradīpa (Light of Wisdom), which is a commentary on Nāgārjuna's Mulamadhyamakākarikās, and the Madhyamakahṛdayakārikās (Verses on the Essence of the Middle Way), with his own commentary the Tarkajvāla (Blaze of Reasoning), which assesses the brahmanical systems.

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