August Vermeylen (ou´gŏŏst vĕrmī´lən), 1872–1945, Flemish writer and critic. Active in the Flemish literary revival, he was the chief founder (1893) of the journal Van Nu en Straks [today and tomorrow]. He was professor of literature and of art history at the Univ. of Brussels (1901–23), and in 1930 he was named rector of the Flemish Univ. of Ghent. In addition to many works of literary and art criticism, he wrote poetry and a novel, De wandelende Jood [the wandering Jew] (1906).