Skip to main content

Thorbecke, Jan Rudolf

Jan Rudolf Thorbecke (yän rōō´dôlf tôr´bĕkə), 1798–1872, Dutch statesman. An eminent jurist and the leading liberal politician of his day, he was one of the men appointed in 1848 by King William II to revise the constitution. Thorbecke was largely responsible for the final revision, which increased the power of the States-General and reduced that of the king. He served (1849–52) as the first constitutional premier of the Netherlands and was twice more premier (1862–66, 1871–72). He gave Catholics equal rights with Protestants, extended the electorate, removed trade restrictions, and initiated projects for the construction of canals for reclaiming land from the sea.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Thorbecke, Jan Rudolf." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . 20 Mar. 2018 <>.

"Thorbecke, Jan Rudolf." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . (March 20, 2018).

"Thorbecke, Jan Rudolf." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved March 20, 2018 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.