Nguema, Francisco Macias
Francisco Macias Nguema (fränsēs´kō mäsh´yəs ngwā´mä), 1924–79, first president of Equatorial Guinea (1968–79). Leading the leftist party for independence from Spain, he was vice president under President Ondo Edu (1964–68). At independence (1968), he defeated Edu for president and began to eliminate Spanish influence and political opponents. Large numbers of refugees fled the country. Naming himself president for life (1972), he persecuted Catholics and banned the church (1978). He was overthrown in a coup in 1979, tried and executed.
"Nguema, Francisco Macias." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 19, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/nguema-francisco-macias
"Nguema, Francisco Macias." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved September 19, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/nguema-francisco-macias