Skip to main content


Nanning (nän´nĬng´), city (1994 est. pop. 829,400), capital of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, S China, on the Xi River in a fertile farming area. The city has a medium-sized integrated iron and steel complex, a sugar refinery, other food-processing plants, and factories making fertilizer, machine tools, paper, cement, and farm machinery. The city is on the Hunan-Guangxi RR to Vietnam and was an important base for supplies going to North Vietnam during the Vietnam War. Guangxi Univ., a medical college, and an agricultural institute are there.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Nanning." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . 11 Dec. 2018 <>.

"Nanning." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . (December 11, 2018).

"Nanning." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved December 11, 2018 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.