Mycale (mĬk´əlē), promontory, W Asia Minor, opposite Samós island. The center of the Ionian League was there, in the temple of Poseidon. In 479 BC the Greeks destroyed the Persian fleet at Mycale. This ended the Persian Wars for European Greece and began the rapid liberation of the Greeks of Asia Minor. Mycale, in modern Turkey, is called Samsun Dağí. It was also known as Mt. Lydia.