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Luangwa (lwäng´wä), river, c.500 mi (800 km) long, S Africa. It rises in NE Zambia, near the Malawi border, and joins the Zambezi River. In the river valley lies Luangwa National Park, a former game reserve in NE Zambia. The c.6000 sq mi (15,500 sq km) park has an abundance of wildlife, including elephants, zebras, vervet monkeys, leopards, lions, hippopotamuses, hyenas, giraffes, and cheetahs, as well as a variety of birds.