Kyoto University, at Kyoto, Japan; founded 1897 as Kyoto Imperial Univ., renamed 1947. With 10 faculties, 17 graduate schools, and 13 research institutes, it is one of Japan's leading research-oriented institutions. The second university to be established in Japan, it began with colleges of law, medicine, letters, and science and engineering. Faculties of economics and agriculture were added by the 1920s, and the faculty of education in 1948. A college of liberal arts was established in 1949 and the graduate school in 1953.