Grew, Joseph Clark
Joseph Clark Grew, 1880–1965, American diplomat, b. Boston. Entering diplomatic service in 1904, he held posts of increasing importance in different capitals until 1924, when he became Under Secretary of State. In this position he supervised the establishment of the new Foreign Service. After serving (1927–32) as ambassador to Turkey, Grew was appointed (1932) ambassador to Japan and remained there until after the attack on Pearl Harbor. Afterward he was special assistant (1942–44) to Secretary of State Cordell Hull and again was Under Secretary of State (1944–45).
See his autobiographical Turbulent Era (1952); biography by W. H. Heinrichs (1967).