Dzerzhinsky, Feliks Edmundovich
Feliks Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky (fyĕ´lyĬks ĕdmōōn´dəvĬch dzĬrzhēn´skē), 1877–1926, Russian Bolshevik leader, organizer, and first chairman (1917–21) of the Cheka (see secret police). He was the son of Polish aristocrats. Under his direction, the reign of terror against anti-Bolsheviks reached its height in 1918. Dzerzhinsky also headed the agencies that succeeded the Cheka (the OGPU and the GPU) and held other high posts.
"Dzerzhinsky, Feliks Edmundovich." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 20, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/dzerzhinsky-feliks-edmundovich
"Dzerzhinsky, Feliks Edmundovich." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved September 20, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/dzerzhinsky-feliks-edmundovich