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Caere (sē´rē), ancient city of Etruria, c.30 mi (50 km) N of Rome, Italy, at the site of the modern Cerveteri. Although a few miles from the sea, it had ports at Alsium (near modern Palo) and Pyrgi (modern Santa Severa). During the 7th and 6th cent. BC, Caere reached the period of its greatest prosperity. The cemeteries have been excavated, and the monumental tumuli have yielded vases, pottery, and other art objects, revealing much about Etruscan civilization.