Imago. Zeitschrift für die Anwendung der Psychoanalyse auf die Geisteswissenschaften
IMAGO. ZEITSCHRIFT FÜR DIE ANWENDUNG DER PSYCHOANALYSE AUF DIE GEISTESWISSENSCHAFTEN
Following the launch of Jahrbuch für Psychoanalyse and Zentralblatt für Psychoanalyse, Hugo Heller, the publisher, in 1921 created Imago, the third psychoanalytic periodical under the editorial direction of Sigmund Freud. While the two earlier publications were primarily oriented toward clinical applications and developments, Imago introduced an interdisciplinary approach to journal publishing, an approach that Freud had already tested with the series "Schriften zur angewandten Seelenkunde" (Essays on applied psychology), published by Franz Deuticke. With Imago, the concept was enlarged and expanded in periodical form.
The original title of the journal had been Eros and Psyche, but that was changed to Imago, after the name of a novel by Carl Spitteler (1845-1924). For Freud, the name was sufficiently vague to be useful to his enterprise (letter to Ernest Jones, January 14, 1912). Directed toward other than clinical ends, the journal served as a forum to introduce an experimental dialogue with neighboring fields such as anthropology, philosophy, literature, theology, and linguistics (see Freud, 1913j).
Consistent with this approach, the first part contains a contribution from two lay analysts, the editors-in-chief of the publication, Otto Rank and Hanns Sachs. This was "Entwicklung und Ansprüche der Psychoanalyse" (Development and demands of psychoanalysis), in which the authors show that the methodology of psychoanalysis, although based on concrete methods of therapy, continued to struggle, in its theoretical paradigms, with the relation between dreams and artistic, mythological, and religious fantasies. Consequently, it was necessary to test and develop the knowledge obtained through the study of dreams, neuroses, and symptom formation as part of a general science of the mind based on the unconscious. Imago was not only addressed to nonmedical lay practitioners but actively courted this target group in search of authors, thereby exposing psychoanalysis to areas of expertise outside therapy.
A number of Freud's contributions to applied psychoanalysis appeared in Imago, ranging from excerpts from Totem and Taboo in 1912 to early manuscript versions of Moses and Monotheism, which appeared in the final volume, published in Vienna in 1937.
The periodical was the product of a flourishing publishing business. Its success was based not only on the quality of content but also the number of readers. Following its transfer to the Internationaler Psychoanalytischer Verlag (International Psychoanalytic Press), it was the largest source of income for the publisher. After the seizure of the Internationaler Psychoanalytischer Verlag by the National Socialists in 1938, Anna Freud and otherémigré analysts succeeded in continuing publication of Imago until 1941, when it merged with the Internationale Zeitschrift für Psychanalyse.
In 1939 Hanns Sachs, seeking to perpetuate the Imago tradition in the United States, founded American Imago, which still exists. After the Second World War a number of psychoanalytic periodicals followed in the tradition of an interdisciplinary psychoanalytic journal, first introduced by Imago.
See also: American Imago ; Applied psychoanalysis and the interaction of psychoanalysis; First World War: The effect on the the development of psychoanalysis; Heller, Hugo; Imago Publishing Company; Internationale Zeitschrift für (ärtzliche) Psychoanalyse ; Internationaler Psychoanalytisher Verlag; Rank (Rosenfeld), Otto; Sachs, Hanns.
Freud, Sigmund. (1913j). The claims of psycho-analysis to scientific interest. SE, 13: 165.
"Imago. Zeitschrift für die Anwendung der Psychoanalyse auf die Geisteswissenschaften." International Dictionary of Psychoanalysis. . Encyclopedia.com. 10 Feb. 2019 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.
"Imago. Zeitschrift für die Anwendung der Psychoanalyse auf die Geisteswissenschaften." International Dictionary of Psychoanalysis. . Encyclopedia.com. (February 10, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/psychology/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/imago-zeitschrift-fur-die-anwendung-der-psychoanalyse-auf-die-geisteswissenschaften
"Imago. Zeitschrift für die Anwendung der Psychoanalyse auf die Geisteswissenschaften." International Dictionary of Psychoanalysis. . Retrieved February 10, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/psychology/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/imago-zeitschrift-fur-die-anwendung-der-psychoanalyse-auf-die-geisteswissenschaften
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.