The name formerly given to a subclass of reptiles whose skulls are of the diapsid
type. Today that classification has been abandoned as the more primitive and more advanced forms are not clearly related to one another and the diapsids are divided into two subclasses: the more primitive Lepidosauria
(the scaly reptiles), and the more advanced Archosauria
(ruling reptiles). The earliest known diapsids date from the end of the Palaeozoic
. They occur in southern Africa in Upper Permian
and Lower Triassic
rocks. Birds are closely related to the archosaurs, and although their skulls have only one temporal opening, this is apparently derived from the fusion of the two diapsid apertures.
Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.
Learn more about citation styles
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.