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bloat

bloat, excessive accumulation of gases in the rumen, the first stomach of a cud-chewing animal. Bloat is probably formed to a large extent by bacterial action. It occurs in all ruminants, but is most common in cattle; it appears typically in animals that graze on newly developed, highly productive, lush green pastures, especially during a wet summer on clover-dominant pastures. Bloat can result from excess frothiness of the ruminal ingesta or loss of tone and motility of the rumen. Both of these conditions will prevent the normal eructation process. Treatment consists of passing a tube to the stomach or of reducing the foam formation by oral administration of mineral or vegetable oils. Prevention is attempted by carefully controlled management practices, administration of antibiotics, and the use of nontoxic oils.

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bloat

bloat / blōt/ • v. [tr.] cause to swell with fluid or gas: the fungus has bloated his fingers. ∎  [intr.] become swollen with fluid or gas: [as n.] (bloating) she suffered from abdominal bloating. • n. a disease of livestock characterized by an accumulation of gas in the stomach. bloat2 • v. [tr.] cure (a herring) by salting and smoking it lightly.

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bloat

bloatbloat herring, herring smoked and halfdried. XVI.
Hence †bloated in the same sense XVII; whence bloater XIX; see -ED1 -ER1. Of uncert. orig. Identical in form are bloat adj. and vb. and bloated ppl. adj., which are used of a puffed, swollen, or inflated condition, but it is doubtful whether the two groups have the same ult. orig.

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Bloat

Bloat

of hippopotamiLipton, 1970.

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bloat

bloatafloat, bloat, boat, capote, coat, connote, cote, dote, emote, float, gloat, goat, groat, misquote, moat, mote, note, oat, outvote, promote, quote, rote, shoat, smote, stoat, Succoth, table d'hôte, Terre Haute, throat, tote, vote, wrote •flatboat •mailboat, sailboat, whaleboat •speedboat • keelboat •dreamboat, steamboat •lifeboat • iceboat • longboat •sauceboat • houseboat •rowboat, showboat •U-boat • tugboat • gunboat •powerboat • motorboat • riverboat •workboat • Haggadoth • anecdote •scapegoat • redingote • nanny goat •zygote • redcoat • tailcoat • raincoat •waistcoat • greatcoat • petticoat •topcoat • housecoat • undercoat •entrecôte • surcoat • turncoat •matelote • banknote • headnote •endnote • keynote • woodnote •footnote • compote • whitethroat •shofroth • bluethroat • cut-throat •creosote • mitzvoth • mezuzoth

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