artichoke

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ar·ti·choke / ˈärtiˌchōk/ • n. 1. (also globe artichoke) a European plant (Cynara scolymus) of the daisy family cultivated for its large thistlelike flowerheads. ∎  the unopened flowerhead of this, of which the heart and the fleshy bases of the bracts are edible. 2. see Jerusalem artichoke.

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artichoke plant allied to the thistle, having edible parts XVI; Jerusalem a. species of sunflower with edible tuberous roots XVII. Earliest forms archicokk, -choke, artechock, etc. — northern It. arti-, arciciocco — OSp. alcarchofa (mod. alcachofa) — Arab. al-ḵaršūfa, i.e. AL-2. ḵaršūf artichoke.

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artichoke (globe artichoke) Tall, thistle-like perennial plant with large, edible, immature flower heads, native to the Mediterranean region. It has spiny leaves and blue flowers. Height: 0.9–1.5m (3–5ft). Family Asteraceae/Compositae; species Cynara scolymus. A different plant, the Jerusalem artichoke, is grown for its edible tubers. Family Asteraceae/Compositae; species Helianthus tuberosus.