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carp

carp, hardy freshwater fish, Cyprinus carpio, the largest member of the minnow family; it is also known as the common carp. A native of Black, Caspian, and Aral sea basins of Eurasia, the carp has been introduced widely elsewhere in the world and has become so well established that it is called the English sparrow of the fishes. Many variations in color and form have developed. Carp have four barbels ( "whiskers" ) around the mouth and are usually dark greenish or brown (occasionally yellowish or silvery), with red on some of the fins. Most carp are scaled, although the mirror carp variant has only a few scattered scales and the leather carp has none. Carp may reach a length of 3 ft (91 cm) and a weight of 25 lbs (11.3 kg). They are bottom feeders, eating chiefly aquatic plants but also insects and small animals; their habit of rooting in the mud often makes the water unfit for the feeding and spawning of other fish. However, they are valued commercially as food fish, especially in Europe, where they are sometimes bred and raised for this purpose. Ornamental varieties are bred in Japan. See also Asian carp. The common carp are classified in the phylum Chordata, class Actinopterygii, order Cypriniformes, family Cyprinidae.

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carp

carp1 / kärp/ • n. (pl. same) a deep-bodied freshwater fish of the minnow family, typically with barbels around the mouth. Carp are farmed for food in some parts of the world. carp2 • v. [intr.] complain or find fault continually, typically about trivial matters: I don't want to carp about the way you did it. DERIVATIVES: carp·er n.

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carp

carp Freshwater fish native to temperate waters of Asia. Introduced to the USA and Europe, it is an important food fish. It is brown or golden and has four fleshy mouth whiskers called barbels. Unlike other species of carp, the mirror carp has only a few scales and the leather carp has none. Length: to 1m (3.2ft). Family Cyprinidae; species Cyprinus carpio.

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carp

carp 1 †talk, speak XIII; †sing, recite XV; talk censoriously XVI. — ON. karpa brag, with generalization of sense; in the mod. sense infl. by, or a new formation on, L. carpere pluck (see HARVEST), (fig.) slander.

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carp

carp 2 freshwater fish of genus Cyprinus. XIV. — (O)F. carpe — Pr. carpa or the source late L. carpa; perh. of Gmc. origin (cf. (M)LG. karpe, (M)Du. karper, OHG. karpfo, G. karpfen, ON. karfi).

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carp

carp Freshwater fish, Cyprinus carpio.

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carp

carp (Cyprinus carpio) See CYPRINIDAE.

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carp

carpArp, carp, harp, scarp, sharp, tarp •cardsharp

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