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Ipswich (city, England)

Ipswich, city (1991 pop. 129,661) and district, Suffolk, E England, on the Orwell estuary 12 mi (19 km) from its entry into the North Sea. Ipswich is the county seat of Suffolk. A market and port, it exports barley, malt, and fertilizers and imports coal, petroleum, phosphates, grain, and timber. Agricultural machinery and construction vehicles are the chief manufactures of Ipswich, which also has fertilizer, cigarette, malting, milling, brewing, printing, and textile industries. The area was a commercial center and pottery producer from the 7th to 12th cent. The city reached the peak of its significance in the woolen trade in the 16th cent. Its port declined with the decrease in wool trading but revived with new dock construction in the mid-19th cent. Vestiges of Roman habitation remain there. Ipswich was an important ecclesiastical center in the 16th cent. and retains 12 old churches and several 15th- and 16th-century houses. Christchurch mansion (1548, now in part an art gallery), the public school (14th cent.), and Sparrowe's House (1567) are noteworthy. Wolsey's Gate is the only remnant of the college founded in the early 16th cent. by Cardinal Thomas Wolsey, who was born in Ipswich.

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Ipswich

Ipswich. Suffolk town, on the Orwell estuary. It was one of the earliest post-Roman towns in Britain, originating in the 7th cent. as a trading port (wic) and industrial town. Large and wealthy from c.650 to 850, it was less important in the high and later Middle Ages. Thomas Wolsey, a major benefactor, was born there in 1471. Under the Tudors and Stuarts it enjoyed a second heyday as a port and cloth town, and was one of the half-dozen largest and wealthiest English provincial towns. Since the 18th cent. it has been of regional rather than national importance.

David M. Palliser

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Ipswich (town, United States)

Ipswich, town (1990 pop. 11,873), Essex co., NE Mass., on the Ipswich River and Ipswich Bay; inc. 1634. Ipswich clams are found there. Tourism and the production of electronic and wood products are important. Crane's Beach, one of the country's most beautiful beaches, is in Ipswich. Of interest are the many well-preserved colonial and historic buildings; Choate Bridge, the first stone bridge in the United States (1764); and the John Whipple House (c.1640), with the Ipswich Historical Society collection. An air force radar experimental station is also there.

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Ipswich

Ipswich City and port in e England, on the Orwell estuary; the county town of Suffolk. The wool trade brought it prosperity in the Middle Ages. After a decline, its fortunes were revived in the 19th century with the introduction of light industry. Industries: milling, brewing, printing, agricultural machinery. Pop. (1994) 114,000.

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Ipswich

Ipswichbewitch, bitch, ditch, enrich, fitch, flitch, glitch, hitch, itch, kitsch, Mitch, pitch, quitch, rich, snitch, stitch, switch, titch, twitch, which, witch •Redditch • Greenwich • eldritch •ostrich • backstitch • hemstitch •topstitch • Shostakovich • tsarevich •Sandwich •dipswitch, Ipswich

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